This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Received October 10th, ; revised November 12th, ; accepted December 5th, Keywords: Besides, students with strong learning motivation generally lead to better learning performance.
This style is most often used by the managers. It focuses on the basic management process of controlling, organizing, and short-term planning. The famous examples of leaders who have used transactional technique include McCarthy and de Gaulle. Transactional leadership involves motivating and directing followers primarily through appealing to their own self-interest.
The power of transactional leaders comes from their formal authority and responsibility in the organization.
The main goal of the follower is to obey the instructions of the leader. The leader believes in motivating through a system of rewards and punishment. If a subordinate does what is desired, a reward will follow, and if he does not go as per the wishes of the leader, a punishment will follow.
Here, the exchange between leader and follower takes place to achieve routine performance goals. These exchanges involve four dimensions: Transactional leaders link the goal to rewards, clarify expectations, provide necessary resources, set mutually agreed upon goals, and provide various kinds of rewards for successful performance.
Active Management by Exception: Transactional leaders actively monitor the work of their subordinates, watch for deviations from rules and standards and taking corrective action to prevent mistakes. Passive Management by Exception: Transactional leaders intervene only when standards are not met or when the performance is not as per the expectations.
They may even use punishment as a response to unacceptable performance. The leader provides an environment where the subordinates get many opportunities to make decisions. The leader himself abdicates responsibilities and avoids making decisions and therefore the group often lacks direction.
Assumptions of Transactional Theory Employees are motivated by reward and punishment. The subordinates have to obey the orders of the superior.
The subordinates are not self-motivated. They have to be closely monitored and controlled to get the work done from them.
Implications of Transactional Theory The transactional leaders overemphasize detailed and short-term goals, and standard rules and procedures. This kind of a leadership style may work well where the organizational problems are simple and clearly defined.
Such leaders tend to not reward or ignore ideas that do not fit with existing plans and goals. The transactional leaders are found to be quite effective in guiding efficiency decisions which are aimed at cutting costs and improving productivity.
The transactional leaders tend to be highly directive and action oriented and their relationship with the followers tends to be transitory and not based on emotional bonds. The theory assumes that subordinates can be motivated by simple rewards. Difference between Transactional and Transformational Leaders Transactional leadership.The Interaction of Transactional and Transformational Leadership The Interaction of Transactional and Transformational Leadership leadership styles in this fashion provides us with the knowledge that “a given manager may be both transformational and transactional (Lowe & .
Leadership style is a very important element in the development of an organization. Transactional leadership is of the leadership style that is used by many successful companies.
Results of Meta Analysis finding correlation between personality traits and transformational leadership from data gathered by Joyce Bono and Timothy Judge.
Studies have shown that while transformational leadership styles are associated with A separate study examined that way that transformational leadership and transactional leadership. Transactional leadership takes care of creating a consistent development process, while transformational leadership leaves people free to come up with .
Oct 16, · Transactional Leadership Denison Harvey. Loading Unsubscribe from Denison Harvey? Transactional Analysis Therapy Video - Duration: PsychotherapyNet 43, views.
The analysis on the literature shows that both transactional and transformational leadership styles mentioned in the full range leadership theory model are important to .