Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier production function was modeled in the context of local level agricultural innovation systems framework and estimated using milk production data on dairy farmers. This result suggests that there is room for significant increases of production through reallocation of existing resources. Education, farm size, extension visit and off-farm income opportunity were found to be efficiency enhancing.
A woman sells milk to a representative of Pran, the country's largest agro-processor.
A man offloads milk containers from a small truck at Pran's milk collection centre in Pabna. Noufel, shrouded in a towel against the morning cold, comes out to a small yard, clearing the way for his elderly neighbour Iman Paramanik. It is one of the 20 centres in 20 villages in the upazila.
Every morning and afternoon, Noufel, Paramanik, Zahidul and other farmers or their family members come to the centre to deliver milk, contrary to their tradition of going to the nearby markets or depending on middlemen called Ghosh to sell their produce.
This new trend of directly selling to a chilling centre has gained popularity over the past year after Pran established 20 chilling centres in 20 villages of the upazila with a vision to revolutionise milk production in an initiative that Bangladesh sees for the first time.
Dubbed as Pran Dairy Hub, the initiative of setting up collection points to encourage cattle farming and boost milk output has already started bearing fruit.
Milk collection by Pran has doubled in just one year. Establishment of chilling centres by the processor near the farmers has also created a new zeal for cattle farming. Many farmers have started buying cows and the existing producers seem keen to expand. Paramanik and Zahidul signed up in cattle farming after Pran set up collection centres in their village.
Ishak of nearby Bhadra area, increased the size of his farm, while another farmer Mohammad Asaduzzaman changed his decision to quit farming. We used to sell milk to middlemen who gave us Tk a litre. He said he now earns Tk 17, a week by selling milk directly to the collection centre of Pran at Bhadra.
This timely initiative of Pran comes when Bangladesh suffers from a shortfall of domestic milk production due to low productivity per cow of litres during a month lactation period.
Industry analysts linked low milk yield to a slow pace in replacement of local cows with the genetically improved ones, a lack of breeding and veterinary services and inadequate investment in feed and fodder development.
During fiscaldomestic production of milk grew 32 percent to 2. However, a huge deficit still forces Bangladesh to import thousands of tonnes of milk powder every year. In the fiscaltotal milk shortfall was To reduce the deficit in local milk production, Pran began to organise farmers and set up collection centres in villages of Chatmohar in the middle of last year under its initiative of establishing dairy hubs.
DeLaval and Tetra Pak, which have technical know how and technology on milk production and processing, extended support to Pran. In line with the target, the processor started providing various extension services to farmers including veterinary care, animal husbandry, dairy housing, quality feed and breed improvement through artificial insemination AI.
Pran workers give tips to farmers on better housing and feeding management of cows free of cost. It includes keeping cows untied, ensuring light and passage of wind through the shed, always keeping the water jar full to allow cows a drink anytime.
Other services include de-worming and periodical vaccination by maintaining health cards for each cow in its intervention area.
To support farmers to get proper feed for cows, Pran also provides balanced feed prepared at its factory at cost price along with seeds of fodder and training to prepare silage to feed cattle in rainy days. By importing semen from the US, it also gives AI services to farmers at cost price with the aim to improve existing breeds of cows to scale up milk yield.
With the successes at Chatmohar, Pran now plans to set up similar dairy hubs all over the country with the vision of making Bangladesh a milk surplus country by By that year, Pran, which now processeslitres of milk daily, wants to establish 60 dairy hubs.
A second hub has already been set up at Gurudaspur of Natore, another northern district. The third and fourth are likely to be set up in Rangpur and Sirajganj.
All the hubs will see replication of Chatmohar model where full time veterinary doctors, extension workers along with field supervisors and 20 chilling centres will be accessible by local dairy farmers. Nasir said the way forward for Bangladesh is to boost milk output through various efforts including upgrading local breeds of cows with foreign breeds that have higher milk productivity.
That is what Pran chief Amjad Chowdhury aims to do. Creating jobs in urban areas is expensive due to higher living cost. He said the establishment of dairy hubs, where Pran gives intensive focus, will allow the processor to get more milk.
But the benefits of increased milk production and expansion of cattle farming will go beyond Pran and the whole country will be benefited, observed Chowdhury. From cow dung, skin and hide to meat all are useful which makes dairy a profitable investment.Innovation and Technical Efficiency in the Sma llholder Dairy Production System in Ethiopia Table 2 Summary statistics of the variables for dair y farm ers in northwest Ethiopia in / Angalia zaidi: need help finding sponsor start business, need help writing letter cleaning business, i need help marketing my business, calculate the cost starting a dairy farm, dairy farming information, indian dairy farm business plan, cost of setting up a dairy farm in india, dairy farming videos, dairy farming business plan, starting a.
Dairy farming business can be divided into three main systems. Each system will have its very own set of processes, milestones and benchmarks. Dividing a project into smaller projects (or systems) helps you focus on each, without feeling overwhelmed. In dairy farming especially, it is very easy to become overwhelmed.
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