Brazil has no clear distinction between towns and cities in effect, the Portuguese word cidade means both. The only possible difference is regarding the municipalities that have a court of first instance and those that do not.
At the municipal elections, Brazilians must elect: Mayor City councilman In both elections, voting is mandatory. Anyone who can not vote must justify their absence or pay a fine, which is currently BRL 3, If the citizen does not do either of these, they will lose various rights, such as occupying a governmental position, or obtaining a passport for example.
Positions of the Executive Power From all the positions above, the ones relating to the executive power are the president, governor and mayor. Each one of them acts at a specific level — federal, state and municipality, respectively.
It is up to the president to choose their aides and ministers, without further objection from the National Congress. Some of the functions of the Brazilian president are: In case of vacancy, the successor is the vice-president.
If he or she is unable to assume the position, the provisional succession is made, in preferential order, by the president of the National Congress, the president of the Senate and the president of the Federal Supreme Court.
State Governor The maximum executive authority in each state is the governor, known as governador. There are 27 governors in Brazil — one for each state and for the Federal District as well — elected every four years at the national elections.
The governor is one of the main connections between the state and the federal government, seeking to close agreements and investment projects to improve the location where they were elected.
The governor also counts with secretaries, which are similar to the ministers seen at a federal level. Some of the functions of a governor are: Power to sanction, enact, promulgate and veto state laws Providing security to citizens Ensure that everyone has access to sanitation Providing public transportation between cities Mayor A mayor, or prefeito, is the maximum executive authority in a municipality.
Some of the mayors responsibilities are: These people, that are not necessarily politicians, work as some sort of local leader, providing support and noticing questions happening in specific regions of the city.
Positions of the Legislative Power As the name says, the legislative power is directly linked to laws. They are responsible for proposing, writing and approving law projects, submitting them to an executive authority further on.
Nov 30, · To clean up the sleazy political system will require a lot more work The Lava Jato investigations: The parting shots of Brazil’s chief prosecutor Sep 21st , from Print edition. Economic Overview. Brazil is the world's eighth largest economy. After almost a decade of strong growth (), Brazil entered into the worst recession in its history in . Extending back to monarchical times, this lengthy review concludes that the preeminent influence in shaping Brazilian political institutions and in explaining the "bonapartist" intervention of the armed forces since has been the contention among social class interests. The author also finds that the post economic model and a repressive .
It is their duty to: Protect the constitutional rights of the Brazilian population Analyze and vote law projects Approve the choice of ministers Authorize financial foreign transactions and approving debt limits There are three representatives for each state at the Senate, whose term of office is eight years.
Senators are elected at national elections, alternatively: Federal and State Representatives Different from the senators that represent the state, congressmen represent the population.
Federal congressmen are known as deputados federais, while state congressmen are known as deputados estaduais. Both of them are elected at national elections and have the main function of proposing, enacting, changing and revoking laws.
The main difference is the coverage of such laws. While the federal congressmen create and vote federal laws, valid for the entire Brazilian territory, state ones do so for their specific territory. Each Legislative Assembly has a minimum of 24 state congressmen and a maximum of This amount varies according to the population size.Brazil is a Republic because the Head of State is elected by the people for a specified period of time How the structure of the Brazilian State works.
by BrazilGovNews — published Aug 04, PM, It is Federated because the States have political autonomy. It has a multiparty system, or in other words, it allows for the legal.
Political structure. Official name. Federative Republic of Brazil. Form of state. Federative republic. The executive. Legal system. Each state has its own judicial system; the country has a system of courts for dealing with disputes between states and matters outside the .
Analysis Business Structure in Brazil An overview of the country based on three areas: administrative, economic performance and international credibility. Explore Content.
Brazilian overview The government system is the Presidentialism and the official currency is the Real (BRL). 38 rows · The politics of Brazil take place in a framework of a federal presidential .
Healthcare Systems in Brazil and the United States: A Comparative Analysis Executive Summary The proper building and administration of a strong healthcare system have been reasoned. Brazil enjoyed considerable political stability until the s, when the system proved incapable of accommodating military demands and pressure to emancipate slaves.
Brazil patterned the constitution of what is now called the Old Republic () on the United States constitution.