The Four Freedoms Speech was given on January 6, Roosevelt's hope was to provide a rationale for why the United States should abandon the isolationist policies that emerged from World War I.
David My dear friend, Chaplain the Rev. Seanan Holland visited us this weekend, and as usual he and I got into one of our hours-long rolling discussions about Life, the Universe, and Everything. Conversations like this are what Seanan and I do for fun. As usual, Sandy left us and went to run errands.
It is a theory that I have no idea how much of it I can claim as my own, and how much of it is appropriated from others. I have encountered pieces of it from religious historians, from theologians, from psychologists, from scientists, and even from a few different sermons on the topic.
Albert Einstein even wrote a few newspaper and magazine articles on it, after WWII and the use of nuclear weapons on Japan.
Mark Twain said that human beings almost never think new thoughts… and this one is not new at all. The only thing I think I can honestly claim as mine is putting it together in this particular way.
And yes, I am intentionally simplifying history in order to show a pattern and make a point.
Throughout human history, religion has formed in relation to the development of four great human fears. Religion has always been a response to fear, a way to seek to ease or mitigate the fear of each age, allowing human beings to function in the world. In order to understand religion and its purpose in human society, it is necessary to understand the Great Fear of that society.
Religion exists to exert control over that Great Fear. For ancient and pre-ancient peoples, life was bounded by forces that were unknown and uncontrollable; the forces of nature. Whether or not there was rain for drinking water, whether the herds moved in the normal and proper directions, whether or not earthquakes destroyed human habitations seemed to be not just out of human control, but out of human understanding.
This unknown, uncontrollable, and uncaring universe of nature therefore became the First Great Fear. The earliest human religions developed in response to the First Great Fear, through the need to exert some human control over the forces of nature.
Gods and Goddesses were posited that controlled when the rains would come, when earthquakes and storms happened, whether or not it would be a good harvest.
These Gods and Goddesses, as beings that humans could interact with, could be appealed to, appeased, and entreated into creating conditions that were beneficial to humankind. While not actually control over an uncontrollable universe, these religions allowed human beings a semblance of control.
Nature went on doing what nature would do, but human beings felt in control. The religions of the First Great Fear, be they the early understandings of the Greek and proto-Greek pantheon, to some of the early incarnations of Yah-weh, to some of the Celtic and Native American Gods allowed human beings to ease the First Great Fear with a belief system that posited that human beings were actually in control once removed of these natural forces, and that the sources of these natural forces were known, not unknown.
And, the religions of the First Great Fear began keeping records of the actions of these Gods… of the forces of nature. Over time, those records began to allow human beings to conceptualize and understand some of the workings of nature, and with that understanding feel less afraid.
As people began to understand their universe empirically, the First Great Fear declined, and a new Great Fear arose. People became less afraid of the forces of nature, and more afraid of the actions of other human beings. As we learned about nature, it became far more predictable and compensated for than the actions of other humans.
We knew how to build houses to withstand floods, rain, and earthquakes or at least how to rebuildbut we did not know how to keep other human beings from taking our homes away from us, or burning down our village.
The Second Great Fear that humanity encountered was a fear of other human beings… and so, religion adapted itself to easing this great fear.
This was the birth of religions of personal morality and religious systems of ethics.
We see the beginnings of this shift in the followers of Yah-weh in the story of Sodom and Gomorrah. We see this shift in the early Greek Academy, in the ethical teachings of Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato. Religion becomes focused not on controlling the forces of nature, but on controlling the actions of fellow human beings.
Religion becomes a call to individual and personal morality… and then developed into a call for societal and cultural morality.
Yah-Weh issued his Ten Commandments… Hammurabi issued his Code… Aristotle wrote Ethics… Buddha found the eight-fold path… and Jesus distilled the law down to a practice.
Religion became focused not on the actions of Gods and Goddesses, but the actions, morality, and lives of human beings. And both Heaven and Hell, as we think of them modernly, were born.
Religions of Morality knew that simply naming ethical and moral systems would not be enough to mitigate the Second Great Fear.This is a dangerous delusion. The point to notice is its transcendent importance; and the fact of this importance is abundantly made evident by the appeal to history.
2. The Emergence of Religion. Religion, so far as it receives external expression in human history, exhibits four factors or sides of itself.
Basic Points of Buddhism In the 2, years since the Buddha was enlightened under the Bodhi Tree, Buddhism has spread over many countries, split into numerous sects, and adopted a wide variety of beliefs, practices, rituals and customs. "The Four Freedoms" Homework Help Questions. According to Roosevelt, with what nations and events is the future of the United States intertwined? Roman Catholicism, Christian church that has been the decisive spiritual force in the history of Western civilization. Along with Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism, it is one of the three major branches of Christianity. The number of Roman Catholics in the world (nearly billion) is greater.
The four authors come from widely different backgrounds and have published books which have been the focus of criticism of religion narratives, with over books and hundreds of scholarly articles commenting on and critiquing the four Horsemen's works.
FDR's Four Freedoms provide an ethical vision for policy-makers and citizens for foreign policy in today's complicated world. These four ideas—freedom of expression, freedom of religion, freedom from want, and freedom from fear—provide a moral compass and an ethical scale upon which to evaluate plans of action and their consequences.
In physics, spacetime is any mathematical model that fuses the three dimensions of space and the one dimension of time into a single four-dimensional continuum.
Spacetime diagrams can be used to visualize relativistic effects such as why different observers perceive where and when events occur.. Until the turn of the 20th century, the assumption had been that the three-dimensional geometry of.
Religion and the Four Great Fears. Monday November 7, I am intentionally simplifying history in order to show a pattern and make a point. Throughout human history, religion has formed in relation to the development of four great human fears.
While I find your analysis of the development of religion quite interesting, I must say that I. Four freedoms definition, freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear: stated as goals of U.S.
policy by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on January 6, See more.